4D printing of composites.

composites

A presentation by professor Suong Hoa, Director, Concordia Center for Composites (CONCOM), Canada.

4D printing of composites (abbreviated as 4DPC) is a manufacturing technique that can produce composite structures with complex geometries without the need for complex molds. The technique is also termed “Mouldless composite manufacturing”. This technique utilizes light weight, high strength, high stiffness composite materials that have been used to make light weight components for space structures, aircrafts, automobiles. wind turbine blades, and sports equipment.

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The status, barriers, challenges and future of 4D printing in design and engineering

engineering

A duo presentation by Frederic Demoly, Associate Professor at Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UTBM and Jean-Claude Andre, CNRS.

Over the past decades, the combination of technical/scientific advances in additive manufacturing (AM) and smart materials (SMs) domains has enabled the booming development of a new interdisciplinary converging research area: 4D printing.

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Enabling hierarchical motion in 4D printed structures by means of the temperature-memory effect in polymers: experimental and computational aspects

structures

A presentation by Giulia Scalet, Assistant Professor, DICAr, University of Pavia.

4D printing is a disruptive additive manufacturing paradigm that utilises active materials to produce customized structures capable of changing their shape, properties, and functionalities over time (the 4th dimension) under the application of proper stimuli.

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4D printing of bioinspired hygromorph natural fibre composite : Green and Smart functionalities

shap

A presentation by Antoine le Duigou is Associate-Professor in Institut de Recherche Dupuy de Lome at Université de Bretagne Sud (Lorient France).

This presentation proposes a critical overview of the current state of 4D printing of hygromorph biocomposites for stimuli-responsive applications.
Hygromorph BioComposites (HBC) are categorized into a new class of smart materials that could be used for 4D printing of shape-changing mechanisms. Fibre anisotropic properties, fibre content and their orientation, polymer stiffness are material parameters that control the morphing. Slicing parameters during 4D printing such as Layer Height and various Interfilament Distance enable a programmation of the hygromorph biocomposites response. The potential of sequential complex actuation will be discussed.

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Ceramics are moving into the 4D printing realm for the first time

Ceramics are moving into the 4D printing realm for the first time

For some materials, researchers have already moved beyond 3D printing to what’s being called 4D printing. In this process, time becomes the fourth dimension and objects can transform themselves over time when influenced by elements such as heat, mechanical force, or a magnetic field.

Now, scientists in China have developed a novel ink that takes ceramics into this 4D printing realm for the first time, paving the way for new structural applications of the material—including for electronic devices and aerospace. Specifically, a team at City University of Hong Kong created a ceramic ink using a mixture of polymers and ceramic nanoparticles that can print ceramic precursors that are soft and can be stretched three times beyond their initial length. Continue reading “Ceramics are moving into the 4D printing realm for the first time”