Development of a new flexible wing concept for unmanned aerial vehicles using corrugated core made by 4D printing of composites

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This paper presents the feasibility study of the application of the method of 4D printing of composites for the efficient manufacturing aircraft morphing wings. The wing has upper and lower skin, and a corrugated core. The corrugated core is made using the concept of 4D printing of composites. With this concept, there is no need for a mold with complex geometry to make the corrugated core. Instead, only a flat mold is used. A prototype of the wing was made and tested. It was shown that this wing can the sustain the load of a medium size Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, with flex angle up to 20 degrees.

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4D printing of bioinspired hygromorph natural fibre composite : Green and Smart functionalities

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A presentation by Antoine le Duigou is Associate-Professor in Institut de Recherche Dupuy de Lome at Université de Bretagne Sud (Lorient France).

This presentation proposes a critical overview of the current state of 4D printing of hygromorph biocomposites for stimuli-responsive applications.
Hygromorph BioComposites (HBC) are categorized into a new class of smart materials that could be used for 4D printing of shape-changing mechanisms. Fibre anisotropic properties, fibre content and their orientation, polymer stiffness are material parameters that control the morphing. Slicing parameters during 4D printing such as Layer Height and various Interfilament Distance enable a programmation of the hygromorph biocomposites response. The potential of sequential complex actuation will be discussed.

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