Controlled shape changing components using 4D printing technology by fused filament fabrication

Bijaya Bikram Samal

The talk presents in detail 4D printing technology, its classification, and shape controlling techniques. The main focus is on using fused filament fabrication/ fused deposition modeling 3D printing for creating shape-changing structures. The mechanism of the shape memory effect and different programming strategies involved has been presented with various experimental case studies.

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